8 Different Types of Fish To Catch While Fishing

Recreational fishing has been around for centuries and is extremely popular all over the world.

If you want to catch some fresh fish and enjoy a day on the water, it’s important to know what types of fish are in your area and which ones are easiest to catch.

The types of fish that are easy to catch are trout, carp, catfish, bluegills, and bass.

1. Crappie

Crappie, is a freshwater fish that’s often caught by recreational anglers during the warm months of summer and spring.

Crappies are generally about 10 inches in length (although they can be as small as three inches or as large as ten), and weigh less than one pound.

The crappie’s basic coloring is silver with many dark spots with a white underbelly.

Catch crappie easily with live minnows or jigs. You can easily catch them in shallow waters in the spring but also in winter if you practice ice fishing.

2. Bluegill

The bluegill is often one of the first fish to be caught by those looking for a new fishing spot, as it can be found in most freshwater environments and is easy to catch with little equipment.

The bluegill fish is a freshwater fish found in many freshwater lakes, ponds, and rivers across the United States.

The average size of bluegill is 12 inches (30 cm) long and about 4,5 pounds (2 kg).

It can be caught with live bait like worms, grasshoppers, crickets, flies, minnows, and small frogs.

3. Walleye

The walleye fish is also called the yellow pike or yellow pickerel. It is a freshwater fish found in North America and Canada.

Walleye fish are most typically found in the shallow streams, ponds, and creeks they inhabit.

They are about 31 inches (80 cm) long with a slim golden/olive body that features darker spots on their sides.

The average weight of this species is about 20 lb (9kg).

For fishing walleye, you can use live bait like minnows, worms, leeches, or lures like crankbaits, spinnerbaits, and walleye jigs.

4. Trout

Trout is a common freshwater fish found in cold running water.

Trout’s average size is about 20 to 30 inches long and they weigh around 8 pounds. They also can grow up to 4 feet and weigh up to 53 pounds.

Trouts can be caught by a variety of different methods including, fly fishing, spinning, and baitcasting.

Fly fishing is the most popular method because it requires patience and skill to out-wit this elusive prey. In the spring, trout begin to migrate upstream from their winter habitats.

Some of the best baits for catching trout include worms, fish eggs, flies, minnows, artificial baits (like plastic worms), and live baits.

5. Bass

The most popular type of fish in North America is the bass. There are many different types of bass, but the largemouth, smallmouth, and spotted bass are the most common.

This type of fish can be found in fresh or saltwater and, therefore, they are usually caught by anglers who specialize in either one of these environments.

Bass fish are typically caught with live bait, such as worms or crickets but also with lures such as Bass worms.

6. Carp

Carp are a type of freshwater fish that can be found in many parts of the world. Carp are often regarded as an invasive species because they are not native to most areas that they inhabit.

The average common carp size is about 16-31 inches( 40-80 cm) and 4.5-31 lb (2-14 kg).

The carp’s diet consists mostly of aquatic plants, but they also eat algae, crustaceans, insects, and smaller fish.

The most popular baits for fishing carp include boilies, canned sweet corn, white bread, and nightcrawlers.

7. The Northern Pike

Northern Pikes (Esox lucius) are carnivorous fish and they can be found in brackish and fresh waters in the Northern Hemisphere.

In the United States, Canada, most of Eastern Europe, Britain, and Ireland they are known simply as pikes.

Adults can grow to a relatively large size. In 1986, the biggest recorded Pike in the world weighed 25kg. They usually measure about 16-22 in (40-55) cm on average and can range up to 59 in (150 cm).

They are carnivorous fish that attack their prey through an ambush, but they also hunt by fast swimming techniques.

As fishing bait choices for pike, I will include spinnerbaits and lipless cranks.

8. Catfish

Catfish are freshwater fish known for their long, cylindrical body shape and whiskers around their mouths.

Catfish can come in all types of shapes and sizes, but the typical size of the species is about 3.9-5.9 ft (1.2-1.6 m). They are known to exceed 220 lb ( 100 kg ) in weight.

The largest catfish caught in North America was a blue catfish caught in the Missouri River and weighed 130 lb ( 59 kg ).

There are many different types of bait that people use to fish for catfish but the most popular are: worms, minnows, shad, chicken liver, crawfish, frogs, and night-crawlers.


In conclusion, recreational fishing is a popular pastime for many people who want to relax on the water and enjoy some fresh fish.

When you are fishing it is important to know what type of fish you are trying to catch so that you can use the appropriate bait.